Behavioural drivers of corruption facilitating illegal wildlife trade: Problem analysis and state of the field review

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Behavioural science is a rich and expansive field that has received prominent coverage in recent years for the promise it offers as a foundational yet underutilised approach to achieving biodiversity conservation. Extensive literature shows how SNBC initiatives can help combat diverse corruption problems, although, for those related to natural resource management, the evidence for doing so is sparse.

Tackling wildlife trafficking needs a holistic approach through a mix of legislation, enforcement, and penalties. Alongside this, targeted messaging which addresses individual motivations and is distributed by influential messengers and engaging multi-stake­holder partnerships is imperative.”

Gayle Burgess, TRAFFIC’s Behaviour Change Programme Leader

This report synthesises the available information and suggests the next steps to redress this current lack of evidence. It seeks to:

  1. Understand what SNBC approaches might or might not work in fighting corruption.
  2. Identify entry points for designing SNBC interventions that can effectively reduce corruption related to IWT.

This Analysis has been produced in association with the Targeting Natural Resource Corruption (TNRC) project. The TNRC project is working to improve biodiversity outcomes by helping practitioners to address the threats posed by corruption to wildlife, fisheries and forests. TNRC harnesses existing knowledge, generates new evidence, and supports innovative policy and practice for more effective anti-corruption programming. 

Find out more about TRAFFIC’s work on Behaviour Change